Large Hadron Collider closed down for two years for upgrading

Large Hadron Collider closed down for two years for upgradingThe world's largest atom smasher, the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is set to be closed down for a period of two years, when scientists will work to upgrade the giant equipment.

The CERN Institute near Geneva, which runs the Large Hadron Collider, began the shutdown on Wednesday. European Organisation for Nuclear Research (CERN)is set to operationalize the lab in the second half of 2014 and the collider by 2015.

The LHC was built to simulate the `big-bang'  which caused the creation of the universe. The LHC is a huge machine in a 27-km circumference underground tunnel for high-energy probes in the field of sub-atomic or particle physics. The LHC saw huge investment with more than 3,000 scientists from 39 countries working on the machine.

The LHC has discovered a particle that is believed to be the Higgs boson. The particle is believed to have the ability to jump out of the normal three dimensions of space and one dimension of time and into a theorized hidden dimension. Higgs singlets could re-enter the dimensions at a point forward or backward by traveling through the hidden dimension

The Higgs singlet are related to Higgs boson, which is not yet detected. Its search was among the major objectives for building the LHC. The machine began regular operation last year and is yet to find Higgs boson. Some theories suggest that if the machine is able to produce Higgs boson, it will also create a Higgs singlet at the same time.