Research

Lack of sleep can turn you into Facebook addict

Washington D. C, Feb 5 : If you find yourself checking your Facebook account many times during the day, then it is a sign of compulsive behavior, which, according to a recent study, is a result of lack of sleep.

Researchers at the University of California, Irvine demonstrated that lack of sleep, in addition to affecting busy college students' moods and productivity, leads to more frequent online activities such as browsing Facebook.

"When you get less sleep, you're more prone to distraction," said lead researcher Gloria Mark, adding "If you're being distracted, what do you do? You go to Facebook. It's lightweight, it's easy, and you're tired."

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Organic crystals pave way for `flexible` electronic devices

Washington D. C, Feb 4 - A team of researchers has developed organic crystals that allow creating flexible electronic devices.

The Faculty of Physics of the Moscow State University scientists' research can help reduce the cost of the process of creating light, flexible and transparent light-emitting electronic devices of the new generation.

The team learnt to grow organic semiconductor crystals with extremely high light-emitting efficiency that promise a bright future for wet-processed organic optoelectronics.

Moreover, they made a double breakthrough using much simpler and cheaper technologies that previously were considered impractical.

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Intense work helped Michelangelo stave off arthritis' effects

Washington D. C, Feb 4 : Michelangelo Buonarroti, sculptor, painter and one of the greatest artists of all time, suffered from arthritis as he aged but intense work may have helped him extend the use of his hands, according to a new study.

In the research, three portraits of the artist were analysed. All three paintings are of Michelangelo between the ages of 60 and 65 and show that the small joints of his left hand were affected by non-inflammatory degenerative changes that can be interpreted as osteoarthritis. In earlier portraits of the artist his hands appear with no signs of deformity.

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Now, 'hack-proof' RFID chips to keep your money safe

Washington D. C, Feb 4 : A team of researchers has come up with a new type of radio frequency identification (RFID) chip that is virtually impossible to hack, securing credit cards, key cards and pallets of goods in warehouses.

Researchers at MIT and Texas Instruments have built several prototypes of the new chip, to the researchers' specifications, and in experiments the chips have behaved as expected.

According to first author Chiraag Juvekar, the chip is designed to prevent so-called side-channel attacks. Side-channel attacks analyze patterns of memory access or fluctuations in power usage when a device is performing a cryptographic operation, in order to extract its cryptographic key.

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Women in online news are less heard, more seen

Washington D. C, Feb 4 : Women are allegedly under-represented and marginalised in relation to men in the world's news media and now, a new study suggest that when it comes to online media outlets, women are seen more than heard.

The research, using artificial intelligence (AI), has analysed over two million articles to find out how gender is represented in online news and found that men's views and voices are represented more in online news than women's.

The study also showed that while being overall under-represented, women appear proportionally more in images than men, while men are mentioned more in text than women.

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Keep your kitchen clean to curb over-snacking

Washington D. C, Feb 4 : If you want to stay slim, you may want to keep your kitchen clean as a new study suggests that a messy kitchen can make you eat more.

Cluttered and chaotic environments can cause stress, which can lead us to grab more of the indulgent snacks, nearly twice as many cookies according to this study.

Conducted at the Cornell Food and Brand Lab, the research shows that cluttered kitchens are caloric kitchens. When stressed out females were asked to wait for another person in a messy kitchen with newspapers on the table, dishes in the sink and the phone ringing. They ate twice as many cookies compared to women in the same kitchen when it was organized and quiet. In total they ate 53 more calories from cookies in 10 minutes time.

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Misery of illness worse than misery of work

Washington D. C, Feb 3 : Brits are more miserable than when they are at work is when they are ill in bed, according to a new study.

Researchers at the University of Sussex and the London School of Economics (LSE) analysed more than a million responses uploaded to a smartphone app, called Mappiness, that sporadically asks users questions such as how they are feeling, where they are and what they are doing.

Mappiness users receive a 'ding' on their smartphone at random times of the day, prompting them to complete a short survey, during which they rank their wellbeing using a sliding scale.

The researchers found that British people experience a 7-8 per cent drop in happiness while at work, compared to doing activities outside of work.

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Women likelier than men to get irked at boorish behavior

Washington D. C, Feb 3 : Women may be friendlier than men, but when it comes to irksome behavior, females are the ones more sensitive towards it than their male counterparts, according to a recent study.

The research led by a Michigan State University psychology professor suggests women are more likely than men to get irked at irritating or boorish behavior exhibited by acquaintances, friends or partners.

Researcher Christopher J. Hopwood said that women generally are more sensitive to other people's annoying behavior than men, adding that they're maybe more socially aware, on average, and so perhaps it's easier for them to pick out things that are annoying than men are.

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Practice does make perfect

Washington D. C, Jan 30 : A new brain study has suggested that there is a degree of truth in the age old theory "practice makes perfect."

In this study, Faculty of Health researchers were looking at fMRI brain scans of professional ballet dancers to measure the long-term effects of learning.

"We wanted to study how the brain gets activated with long-term rehearsal of complex dance motor sequences," says Joseph DeSouza, who studies and supports people with Parkinson's disease. "The study outcome will help with understanding motor learning and developing effective treatments to rehabilitate the damaged or diseased brain."

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Best defense against climate change is.

Washington D. C, Jan 29 : Intact nature offers the best defense against the climate change, according to a recent study.

The study conducted by CSIRO, Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) and the University of Queensland found that worldwide responses to climate change could leave people worse off in the future.

The paper discusses how certain adaptation strategies may have a negative impact on nature which in turn will impact people in the long-term.

In response to climate change, many local communities around the world are rapidly adjusting their livelihood practices to cope with climate change, sometimes with catastrophic implications for nature, according to principal researcher Dr. Tara Martin.

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Head-on collision with forming planet tugged the Moon out of Earth

Washington D. C, Jan 29 : When a "planetary embryo" called Theia collided with the early Earth approximately 100 million years after the Earth was formed, the moon span off into the orbit around the nascent planet, according to a new study.

Scientists had already known about this high-speed crash, which occurred almost 4.5 billion years ago, but many thought the Earth collided with Theia (pronounced THAY-eh) at an angle of 45 degrees or more, a powerful side-swipe (simulated in this 2012 YouTube video).

The UCLA geochemists and colleagues analyzed seven rocks brought to the Earth from the moon by the Apollo 12, 15 and 17 missions, as well as six volcanic rocks from the Earth's mantle, five from Hawaii and one from Arizona.

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Not just bad bosses, workers shun good ones too

Washington D. C, Jan 28 - It is usually perceived that people join companies but leave managers, but according to a new study, workers leave good bosses and bad bosses in equal measure.

According to University of Illinois's Ravi S. Gajendran, an organization's former employees or "alumni" can potentially be important strategic assets in the future, provided they leave on good terms.

"If you have a good relationship with an employee who's left to join a client or competitor, you can leverage that relationship and potentially use them as a source of future business or as a back-channel source of information," he said. "Therefore, thinking of ex-employees as a strategic constituency is something more organizations should start doing."

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'Andaman bush toad' small enough for its own genus

Washington D. C., Jan. 26 : A new species of has been found on herb bush with 24mm average length, measured from its snout tip to its cloaca.

After identifying its unique morphological and skeletal characters and conducting a molecular phylogenetic analysis, not only did the researchers introduced a new species, but also added a new genus.

The proposed common name of this species is 'Andaman bush toad'.

With its significantly smaller size when compared to its relatives, the new toad species seems to have had its name predetermined by nature.

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Now, womb lining test to predict IVF treatment success

Washington D. C, Jan 24 : Newly discovered "genetic fingerprint" is a big breakthrough that can help doctors predict the chances of success of IVF treatment.

Fertility experts in Southampton and the Netherlands have identified a specific genetic pattern in the womb that could predict whether or not IVF treatment is likely to be successful.

Study co-lead Nick Macklon said that the discovery would help clinicians understand why IVF fails repeatedly in some women, adding it could also lead to the development of a new test to help patients understand how likely they are to achieve a pregnancy before they embark on the treatment process and to guide others on whether or not they should continue even after a number of unsuccessful cycles.

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Discrimination, alcohol, tobacco tied to panic attacks in minorities

Washington D. C, Jan 24 : A new study has linked discrimination, alcohol and tobacco to panic attacks among minority Americans.

Researchers from the University of Alabama studied demographic and socioeconomic variables in relation to panic attacks among African-Americans, Afro-Caribbeans, Hispanics and Asians.

Although there is a body of research on the harmful effects of negative altercations on mental health, knowledge gaps persist around immigrant health, said Assistant Professor Henna Budhwani.

Budhwani added that immigrants, particularly those who are undocumented, are often resistant to speak to researchers for fear of deportation or police engagement. Furthermore, some may not speak English fluently, making communication difficult.

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