Research

Rights to sexual freedom hampered at retirement homes: Study

Washington D.C., Aug. 9 - Putting up at retirement homes limits older adults' rights to sexual freedom because of a lack of policies regarding the issue and the actions of staff and administrators at these facilities.

According to a Georgia State University study, though assisted-living facilities emphasize independence and autonomy, the staff and administrators behave in ways that create an environment of surveillance.

This indicates conflict between autonomy and the protection of residents in regard to sexual freedom in assisted-living facilities.

Regulations at these facilities may vary, but they share a mission of providing a home-like environment that emphasizes consumer choice, autonomy, privacy and control.

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Modern day Indian Ocean Monsoon system's abrupt onset

Washington D.C, Jul 30 - A team of researchers has pinpointed the abrupt onset of modern day Indian Ocean Monsoon system, offering some clues to future climate changes and sea-level rise.

Their study revealed the exact timing of the onset of the modern monsoon pattern in the Maldives 12.9 million years ago, and its connection to past climate changes and coral reefs in the region. The analysis of sediment cores provides direct physical evidence of the environmental conditions that sparked the monsoon conditions that exist today around the low-lying island nation and the Indian subcontinent.

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Man-eating Nile crocodiles found in Florida

New York, May 21 : At least three man-eating Nile crocodiles that can grow to 18 feet long and weigh as much as a small car have been found living in the US Sunshine State of Florida, DNA tests have confirmed.

Nile crocodiles, Crocodylus niloticus, were responsible for at least 480 attacks on people and 123 fatalities in Africa between 2010 and 2014.

In Florida, the invasive crocodiles were captured between 2000 and 2014, leading the University of Florida scientists to analyse their DNA, study their diet and one of the animal's growth.

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You are way less popular than you believed

Washington D. C, May 19 (ANI): If you think you're pretty popular, then you may want to rethink your life, as according to a new study, you aren't.

No matter how smart and funny you think you are, those you follow on Twitter, really do have a larger following than you. And the same holds true for Facebook.

But there is no reason to feel badly about any of this, as per researcher Naghmeh Momeni Taramsari from the McGill University.

According to her research, it is all due to the inherently hierarchical nature of social media networks, where, in the social hierarchy of connections, people mostly either follow up or across; they rarely follow down.

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Move over glass, here comes transparent wood

Washington D. C, Mar 31 : A team of researchers has managed to transform real wood into still-real transparent wood, paving way for greener homes.

When it comes to indoor lighting, nothing beats the sun's rays streaming in through windows. Soon, that natural light could be shining through walls, too. Scientists have developed transparent wood that could be used in building materials and could help home and building owners save money on their artificial lighting costs. Their material also could find application in solar cell windows.

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Can money really buy you happiness?

Washington D. C, Mar 11 : It's an age-old question: Can money buy happiness? It's true to some extent, but chances are you're not getting the most bang for your buck.

A team of researchers at the universities of Stirling and Nottingham found that changes in income do not affect most people's happiness, most of the time.

The research, which examined levels of life satisfaction and income changes in more than 18,000 adults over a nine year period, revealed that income change is only important when individuals with specific personality characteristics experience an income loss.

The team found that for most people happiness is likely to rest on avoiding loss, rather than aiming for continual financial gain.

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Carbon dioxide, plants turned into renewable plastic

San Francisco: The researchers at Stanford University of the US have found a way to turn carbon dioxide (CO2) and inedible plant material, such as agricultural waste and grasses, into plastic.

"Our goal is to replace petroleum-derived products with plastic made from CO2," said Matthew Kanan, an assistant professor of chemistry.

In a study published in the journal Nature, the Stanford team described their work on polyethylene furandicarboxylate (PEF), a promising alternative to polyethylene terephthalate (PET), also known as polyester, Xinhua reported.

Many plastic products now are made from PET. Worldwide, about 50 million tons of PET are produced each year for items such as fabrics, electronics, recyclable beverage containers and personal-care products.

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What is the mystery behind Mercury's 'darkness'?

Washington D. C., Mar 8. : Though it is nearest to the sun, Mercury's surface is immensely dark. So, what is the 'darkening agent'?

About a year ago, scientists proposed that Mercury's darkness was due to carbon that gradually accumulated from the impact of comets that travelled into the inner Solar System. Now, the scientists, led by Patrick Peplowski of the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, have used data from the MESSENGER mission to confirm that a high abundance of carbon is present at Mercury's surface.

MESSENGER, which stands for MErcury Surface, Space ENvironment, GEochemistry, and Ranging, is a NASA-sponsored scientific investigation of the planet Mercury and the first space mission designed to orbit the planet closest to the Sun.

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Sudden insight brings you your 'Aha! Moment'

Washington D. C., Mar 8. : Sudden insights are often more accurate at solving problems than thinking them analytically, says a series of experiments conducted by a team of researchers.

John Kounios, a team member, said conscious, analytic thinking can sometimes be rushed or sloppy, leading to mistakes while solving a problem.

"Insight is unconscious and automatic - it can't be rushed," he added.

Experiments with four different types of timed puzzles showed those answers that occurred as sudden insights, also described as Aha! Moments, were more likely to be correct.

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New study shows formation of structures in universe

Washington D. C., Mar 8. : A new code of numerical simulations have been developed which offers a glimpse of the complex process of the formation of structures in the universe.

Based on Albert Einstein's equations, the physicists at the University of Geneva were able to integrate the rotation of space-time into their calculations and calculate the amplitude of gravitational waves, whose existence was confirmed for the first time on February 12,
2016.

Until now, scientists studied the formation of large-scale cosmological structures based on numerical simulations of Newtonian gravitation. These codes postulate that space itself does not change and is said to be static, while time goes on.

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Nearly half of America has damaged or lost smartphone

New York: Nearly 49 percent American smartphone users have either broken or lost their devices summing up to almost 230,685,172 broken or lost mobile phones, a study by the US-based Verizon and KRC Research said.

About 43 percent of the people have damaged the device by dropping it in water and nearly 42 percent of them sent it through the wash.

Other embarrassing ways included throwing it, dropping it out of the window, spilling something on it, tripping and landing on it or finding their pet playing/chewing on it, the study said.

The study also revealed that on an average Americans broke or lost two mobile phones with lower the age the higher is the possibility of damage.

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Scientists develop mind-controlled wheelchair

New York, March 6 : US scientists have developed a machine that enables people to navigate a robotic wheelchair through their thoughts. "In some severely disabled people, even blinking is not possible," said Miguel Nicolelis, a neuroscientist at Duke University.

"For them, using a wheelchair or device controlled by non-invasive measures like an EEG (a device that monitors brain waves through electrodes on the scalp) may not be sufficient," he said.

"We show clearly that if you have intracranial implants, you get better control of a wheelchair than with non-invasive devices," he added.

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As for relationships, opposites `don't` attract

Washington D.C, Feb 28 : An old dating cliche may state "people are like magnets-opposites attract," but a team of scientists has found that this may not be the case as people are attracted to others, who have the same views and values as themselves.

Co-authored by researchers at Wellesley College and the University of Kansas, the study could lead to a fundamental change in understanding relationship formation and it sounds a warning for the idea that couples can change each other over time.

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Grammar of politics: Conservatives prefer nouns

Washington D. C, Feb 25 - Reflecting the psychological pulls that underlie our political differences, right-wingers and left-wingers tend to construct sentences in different ways. According to new transatlantic research, conservatives prefer using nouns.

As part of the study, the University of Kent researchers found that the US presidents, who were considered conservative, used a greater proportion of nouns in major speeches.

The researchers, led by Dr Aleksandra Cichocka, also established that conservatives generally, to a greater degree than liberals, tend to refer to things by their names, rather than describing them in terms of their features. An example would be saying someone 'is an optimist', rather than 'is optimistic'.

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Astronomers record rotation of cloudy 'super-Jupiter'

Washington, Feb 19 - In a maiden attempt to decode the rotation of a massive exoplanet, astronomers using Hubble Space Telescope have measured the rotation rate of a cloudy "super-Jupiter" by observing the varied brightness in its atmosphere.

The planet called 2M1207b is about four times more massive than Jupiter. It is a companion to a failed star known as a brown dwarf, orbiting the object at a distance of five billion miles.

By contrast, Jupiter is approximately 500 million miles from the Sun. The brown dwarf is known as 2M1207. The system resides 170 light-years away from Earth.

“The result is very exciting. It gives us a unique technique to explore the atmospheres of exoplanets and to measure their rotation rates,” said Daniel Apai from University of Arizona in Tucson.

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