Health News

Intervention can reduce HIV risk in female victims of domestic violence

Washington D.C, Jul 25 : According to a recent study, an intervention for women experiencing intimate partner violence can help reduce HIV transmission.

The team led by the University of Maryland's Mona Mittal conducted an integrated HIV risk reduction intervention for a racially diverse group of economically-disadvantaged women with histories of intimate partner violence (IPV).

This intervention resulted in a decrease in unprotected sex and an increase in safer sex communication among its participants. It is one of the few interventions to address the association between gender-based violence and risk of HIV acquisition among women.

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E-cigarette warning as vaping outstrips puffing

Washington D.C, Jul 11 : Turns out, e-cigarettes are really a gateway drug, luring non-smokers into trying vaping.

A new USC study debunked the popular belief that electronic cigarettes are merely a substitute for cigarettes among teens. Instead, it suggested that some teens who never would have smoked cigarettes are now vaping.

E-cigarettes, which entered the U.S. market in 2007, vaporize liquids that may or may not contain nicotine. In 2011, about 1.5 percent of high schoolers had vaped in the past 30 days, according to the National Youth Tobacco Survey. Four years later, that number skyrocketed to 16 percent.

The study of 5,490 high school juniors and seniors showed tobacco use among teens in Southern California is on the rise.

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Is high blood pressure an emergency?

Washington D.C, Jul 8 : If your blood pressure goes up, but you are feeling fine, chances are you will still rush to the nearest hospital emergency room, which, according to a recent study, might be a wrong move.

Visits to emergency departments for patients with hypertension increased by 64 percent between 2002 and 2012 while hospitalizations for those visits declined by 28 percent.

The research from the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences in Toronto suggests that aggressive home monitoring of blood pressure may be driving patients to emergency departments despite the lack of other emergency conditions, such as stroke.

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Immune gene can help keep Parkinson's disease, dementia at bay

Washington D.C, Oct 11 - A team of researchers has found that functional changes in an immune regulating gene can prevent Parkinson's disease (PD) and dementia.

Research team at University of Copenhagen, Denmark, has discovered that non-inheritable PD may be caused by functional changes in the immune regulating gene Interferon-beta (IFNbeta).

Treatment with IFNbeta-gene therapy successfully prevented neuronal death and disease effects in an experimental model of PD. The results have just been published in prestigious scientific journal Cell.

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GenY needs to exercise more and eat less to avoid obesity

Washington D.C., Sept 22 - Researchers have revealed that the current generation, which took birth between the 80s and the 90, needs to eat less and exercise more to avoid obesity.

If you are struggling with weight gain, you might be surprised to know that your parents had it easier - they could eat more and exercise less, and still avoid obesity, according to a recent study out of York University's Faculty of Health.

In the study, researchers of the York University analysed dietary data of nearly 36,400 American adults collected by the National Health and Nutrition Survey between 1971 and 2008. The available physical activity frequency data, of 14,419 adults in the 1988 to 2006 period was also used.

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Men who 'moderately exercise' face lesser risk of heart attack

Washington DC, Aug 13 : Men who workout moderately may face reduced risk of heart failure, claims a new study.

Researchers assigned each type of physical activity an intensity score and determined walking or bicycling just 20 minutes per day was associated with a 21 percent lower risk of heart failure and accounted for the largest difference in heart failure free survival.

Of the men diagnosed with heart failure during the course of study, those who had engaged in at least 20 minutes per day in walking or bicycling were approximately eight months older compared to heart failure cases who had engaged in less than 20 minutes per day of walking or bicycling.

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Former US President Jimmy Carter has cancer

Washington DC, Aug 13 - Former President Jimmy Carter has revealed that he is suffering from cancer.

In a statement the 39th president said that a recent liver surgery showed he had the disease which has now spread to other parts of his body, E! Online reported.

Though he didn't reveal what type of cancer he has, the 90-year-old politician added that he would be rearranging his schedule to undergo treatment at Emory Healthcare.

Earlier this month, it was reported that Carterhad a small mass removed from his liver, which The Carter Center said was an elective procedure after which he was expected to make a full recovery.

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How you weigh during first pregnancy can affect your second offspring

Washington DC, July 21 : A new research has found that how a woman weighs while expecting her first child may impact her second baby.

Saint Louis University research showed that those complications can surface during a second pregnancy even if they didn't occur during a first pregnancy or if the mother is at a healthy weight when she becomes pregnant a second time.

Senior author on the paper Jen Chang, Ph.D., said that while moms who weigh too much or too little might have uncomplicated pregnancies and deliver healthy babies the first time around, their research showed they were still at increased risk of adverse outcomes during their second pregnancies. That risk may not go away even if they were at a normal weight when they get pregnant again.

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Climbing stairs boosts healthy lifestyle and lessens diseases

Washington DC, July 10 : Simple tasks such as taking stairs can make a big difference in the sedentary lifestyle that has increased the death rates due to health problems.

But the question arises that whether pedestrians can be convinced to make healthy choices when an escalator seems so much faster and more convenient than a staircase?

Giving a positive reply to the question, researchers reply that one has to make sure that the stairs are far away from the escalator, 100 per cent farther away, in fact.

The study examined the theory that separating stairways from escalators between pairs of origin and destination floors in a shopping center would increase the rate at which the stairways were used.

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Peppermint oil, cinnamon have chronic wound healing power

Washington, 9 July : Scientists have found that peppermint oil and cinnamon could help treat chronic wounds.

The researchers have found a way to package antimicrobial compounds from peppermint and cinnamon in tiny capsules that can both kill biofilms and actively promote healing.

The new material could be used as a topical antibacterial treatment and disinfectant.

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Healthy lifestyle halves the risk of heart failure post age 65

Washington DC, July 7 : A new study has revealed that people who follow healthy lifestyle avoid obesity and are half likely to have heart failure than those who have zero or low-risk factors after turning 65.

The American College of Cardiology study analysed 4,500 adults for two decades and observed that adults who walked briskly, were moderately active in their leisure time, drank moderately, didn't smoke and avoided obesity had half the risk of heart failure as compared to adults who did not optimise these modifiable risk factors.

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When it comes to exercises' cardio benefits, 'one shoe doesn't fit all'

Washington, Jul 3 : Recent review has indicated the places, where cardio benefits of exercise may lie.

To gain a more precise understanding of how exercise improves health and whom it helps most, researchers analyzed the results of 160 randomized clinical trials with nearly 7,500 participants.

The meta-analysis is one of the first studies to systematically and comprehensively evaluate the effectiveness of exercise interventions in affecting various health outcomes, said lead author Xiaochen Lin from the Brown University School of Public Health.

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When it comes to calories, restaurant food just as bad as junk food

Washington DC, 2 July : If you are satisfied avoiding junk food to avoid calories, but are gorging on restaurants meals, news for you as a new study has claimed that both are equally bad for your waistline.

Professor Ruopeng An at the University of Illinois analysed eight years of nationally representative data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey and found that eating at a restaurant is comparable to - or in some cases less healthy than - eating at a fast-food outlet.

While people who eat at restaurants tend to take in more healthy nutrients - including certain vitamins, potassium and omega-3 fatty acids - than those who eat at home or at a fast-food outlet, the restaurant diners also consume substantially more sodium and cholesterol.

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New possible drug target may help fight malaria

Washington DC, Jun 26 : A new study has identified a target for inhibiting malaria parasite invasion.

Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health researchers found that a malaria parasite protein called calcineurin is essential for parasite invasion into red blood cells.

Human calcineurin is already a proven target for drugs treating other illnesses including adult rheumatoid arthritis and lupus, and the new findings suggest that parasite calcineurin should be a focus for the development of new antimalarial drugs.

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Is smoking finally on its way to being stubbed out?

Washington DC, Jun 25 : A new study has suggested that stubbing out smoking may be possible.

Smokeless tobacco and e-cigarettes have been promoted as a harm reduction strategy for smokers who are unable or unwilling to quit. The strategy, embraced by both industry and some public health advocates, is based on the assumption that as smoking declines overall, only those who cannot quit will remain.

However, researchers at UC San Francisco have found just the opposite. When the fraction of the population that smoked declined, the remaining smokers actually smoked less and were more likely to quit than to stick with it.

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