Machines can''t recognise images like humans as yet
Washington, Sep 10 : Computers might have reached a point where they can replicate many aspects of human behaviour, but still they cannot recognize distorted images like humans do, says a team of Penn State researchers.
James Z. Wang, along with Ritendra Datta and Jia Li at Penn State, explored the difference in human and machine recognition of visual concepts under various image distortions.
"Our goal is to seek a better understanding of the fundamental differences between humans and machines and utilize this in developing automated methods for distinguishing humans and robotic programs," said Wang.
The researchers used those differences to design image-based CAPTCHAs (Completely Automated Public Turing Test to Tell Computers and Humans Apart), visual devices used to prevent automated network attacks.
Many e-commerce web sites use CAPTCHAs, which are randomly generated sets of words that a user types in a box provided in order to complete a registration or purchasing process. This is done to verify that the user is human and not a robotic program.
In the study, a demonstration program with an image-based CAPTCHA called IMAGINATION was presented on imagination. alipr. com.
Both humans and robotic programs were observed using the CAPTCHA.
While the scope of the human users was limited, the results of the study proved that robotic programs were not able to recognize distorted images.
In other words, a computer recognition program had to rely on an accurate picture, while humans were able to tell what the picture was even though it was distorted.
Wang said that he is hoping to work with developers in the future to make IMAGINATION a CAPTCHA program that Web sites can use to strengthen the prevention of automated network attacks.
Although machine recognizability does not exceed human recognizability at this time, Wang is optimistic that it would be possible in the future.
"We are seeing more intelligently designed computer programs that can harness a large volume of online data, much more than a typical human can experience in a lifetime, for knowledge generation and automatic recognition. If certain obstacles, which many believe to be insurmountable, such as scalability and image representation, can be overcome, it is possible that one day machine recognizability can reach that of humans," said Wang.
The study has been presented in the latest issue of IEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security. (ANI)