According to the Canadian Diabetes Association, over 2.4 million Canadians suffer from diabetes, with six million more at risk of developing Type 2 diabetes.
Dr. Gillian Booth, of the Canadian Diabetes Association, explains that the sedentary life style of today makes one overweight and thus increases the risk of developing diabetes. Diabetes is caused by decreased levels of insulin, leading to raised levels of blood sugar, and if not timely treated, it can lead to Type 2 diabetes. Complications include stroke, heart attack, blindness and limb amputation.
Responding to rise in the prevalence of obesity over the past two decades, guidelines for physicians has been released for pre diabetics. Pre diabetic patients are at imminent risk of developing Type 2 diabetes. The association recommends regular exercise, moderate weight loss, quitting smoking, meal planning and medication, monitoring of blood-pressure and cholesterol level.
The 2008 guidelines lay stress on the need to overcome Type 2 diabetes and its forerunner. Fortunately, there are recent studies suggesting, that combination of lifestyle measures and control of blood pressure, cholesterol and other risk factors reduces the chances of diabetes